Author: Dr. Christopher Rutty
Note on sources: There are extensive archival and online information sources documenting the discovery of insulin, the history of the Connaught Antitoxin Labs, and the evolution of Canadian public health policy. In terms of the experimental work carried out by Frederick Banting, Charles Best, J.J.R. Macleod and James Collip between 1920 and 1923, the most authoritative and detailed source is “The Story of Insulin,” by Michael Bliss (University of Chicago Press, 1982). Drawing on original documents and interviews with surviving witnesses, Bliss meticulously reconstructed the discovery process and sought to debunk some of the myths that had grown up about the U of T insulin story over many decades.